Police dating rules
To do their job, police frequently have looked to technology for enhancing their effectiveness.
The advent of fingerprinting in the 1900s and of crime laboratories in the 1920s greatly augmented the police capacity to solve crimes.
The fragmentation of the American police market, which numbers more than 17,000 agencies, makes selling to the police a time-consuming and expensive proposition.
Liability issues are also a concern: Will the manufacturer be protected if its product is used in a way that injures officers or citizens? NIJ's Office of Science and Technology fosters technology research and development when it otherwise will not occur.
A final observation addresses the issue of inadequate funding to support technology development for state and local police and of the necessity to provide a stable budget as a matter of highest national priority. It took nerve to be a policeman in those days." So reported Chief Francis O'Neill of the Chicago Police Department in 1903.
Through this report and these observations, we hope to accelerate the process by which the police finally become full beneficiaries of our eras continuing technological revolution, thereby enhancing their vital work in the nation's fight against crime. Then came technological progress with the "invention of the patrol wagon and signal service (which have) effected a revolution in police methods (O'Neill, 1976)." In 1909, Chief J. Haager of Louisville, Kentucky, was "proud to say that the police department of Louisville is in such a line of progress that we feel ourselves beyond the utility of the horse, and can now boast of three power-driven vehicles (Haager, 1976)." This report is about American policing in the line of technological progress.
A second example is funding to detect concealed weapons and contraband.Examples are devices to use less-than-lethal force in controlling unruly persons, to stop fleeing vehicles, and to detect concealed weapons and contraband in nonintrusive ways.Private sector technology developers and manufacturers are reluctant to meet many special technology needs of the police.The Commission advocated federal government funding for state and local criminal justice agencies to support their efforts.
It called for what soon became the 911 system for fielding emergency calls and recommended that agencies acquire computers to automate their functions.
The vehicle for much of this activity is the NIJ-sponsored National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC), a network of national, regional, and special purpose offices.